Fracking earthquakes are nothing to worry about, according to a recent report. Fracking earthquakes are highly unlikely to occur in Pennsylvania. Currently, Pennsylvania is home to only eight injection wells, which are regulated by the EPA and by state. In 1985, the EPA took over task of permits, inspections, and enforcement for the state. Pennsylvania has some of the newest technologies in fracking, which means, Pennsylvania fracking companies are more efficient that earlier born drilling companies.
Man-made tremors are inevitable. In more than 90 years of monitoring human activities and seismic activity, researches found only 154 man-made quakes. Only 60 of them were made in the United States. This number might seem high, but not when the is compared to the number of global quakes, which an average of 14,450 with a magnitude 4.0 or greater every year. Man-made quakes have a very small magnitude, usually about 2.0.
Fracking is short for hydraulic fracturing, which is the process of extracting natural gas from shale rock formations. Hydraulic fracturing is a very literal term. Hydraulic fracturing is a drilling technique that uses hydraulic pressure to push water, sand, and chemicals deep underground to fracture shale rock formations. The sand helps prop the fractures open, and the fractures create passage ways for the natural gas to move into the well.
The science behind hydraulic fracturing makes sense. The technique is more advanced and safer than any other technique used before. Hydraulic fracturing can also play a huge role in economic stability. The production of domestic gas, could mean energy independence for the United States. Not to mention that natural gas could cut our carbon emissions in half.
Reports of air pollution, contaminated water, and fracking earthquakes has caused many people to fear fracking, which is why a balance between the environment and economic development is continuing to be developed by both state and federal government.